Posted October 4, 2013 by SmarterTravel.com
Sometimes romantic, sometimes sinister, Europe's best castles evoke a
palpable sense of both melancholy and wonder. Their ancient stones brim
with mystery and history—but not the stodgy old history of musty
textbooks. Castles are the past brought to life, a visceral reminder
that quests and battles and chivalry weren't always the exclusive
province of fantasy novels. Go medieval on your next trip with a visit
to one of these castles where ancient history is alive and well.
Carreg Cenne Castle, Wales
Never trust any list of Europe's best castles that doesn't include at
least one entry from Wales. Owing to its tumultuous history of war and
rebellion, the Welsh countryside is home to more castles per square mile
than anywhere else in the world. Our favorite is Carreg Cennen, the only ruined stronghold to make this list. Actually, we like that Carreg Cennen has been in a ruinous state since 1462. Perched on a lonely limestone hilltop in Brecon Beacons National Park
and often shrouded in mist, Carreg Cennen is easily the most evocative
castle in the land. And while it may not be quite as popular as the
larger Caerphilly Castle, Carreg Cennen will always be first in our hearts. It's open daily between April and October.
Hohenwerfen Castle, Austria
Brooding high above Austria's Salzachtal Valley amid the dramatic
peaks of the Berchtesgaden Alps, this stronghold has served alternately
as a home to kings, archbishops, and prisoners (it was a state prison
for a period of time) for more than 900 years. Today, Hohenwerfen Castle
is a popular tourist draw and the site of Austria's foremost falconry
center, where the royal hunting art is on full display with daily
Predjama Castle, Slovenia
Predjama Castle is an easy sell to castle lovers. Most famous for
being built into the side of a 400-foot cliff, it may also call to mind
visions of Tolkien's Helm's Deep. But this real-world stronghold has the
requisite dungeons, secret tunnels, and bloody history to make it a
must-see on its own merits. Visit Predjama Castle during the annual medieval tournament, held each July, for a once-in-a-lifetime experience.
Guedelon Castle, France
Who says the age of castles is over? Take a trip back in time at Guedelon Castle
in Burgundy, France, where a team of 50 craftspeople and laborers are
currently using 13th-century building techniques and technology (think:
horses) to construct an authentic castle from scratch, deep within a
secluded forest. Visitors are welcomed from mid-March to early November
each year. The project has been running since 1997 and hopes to reach
completion in the 2020s.
Neuschwanstein Castle, Germany
It might be the most photographed castle in the world, but there's
still nothing quite like seeing Germany's fairy-tale castle in person.
The brainchild of "Mad King Ludwig" (or, more generously, "The
Fairy-Tale King"), Neuschwanstein has influenced everything from Disney attractions (note the similarity to Disneyland's Sleeping Beauty Castle) to books and computer games.
Take a tour of the castle grounds, but leave time for an off-site walk
along the myriad nearby trails. That's where you'll find the most
stunning views for photographs.
Eilean Donan Castle, Scotland
One of the most iconic castles in Europe, Scotland's Eilean Donan Castle is recognized the world over from its appearances on postcards and in movies like the original Highlander
("There can be only one!"). History buffs will appreciate Eilean
Donan's rich past as a key site during the 1719 Jacobite Rising, and all
will enjoy the stark beauty of its surroundings, where three great
lochs meet at the foot of an impressive mountain range. Today nearly
every part of the castle is accessible to the public for tours and
Hohenzollern Castle, Germany
This ancestral home to a line of German emperors would fit in with the fantastical fortresses imagined by J.R.R. Tolkien and George R.R. Martin. At 2,805 feet above sea level, Hohenzollern Castle really is
a castle in the clouds. The current fortress is actually the third to
be built on the site (the first was destroyed in battle and the second
fell into disrepair). Today it is a popular tourist attraction.
Hunyad Castle, Romania
The imposing Hunyad Castle,
which once imprisoned Vlad the Impaler (Bram Stoker's inspiration for
Dracula), offers plenty for castle aficionados to sink their teeth into.
Marked by myriad towers, multicolored roofs, and exaggerated stone
carvings, this Gothic-Renaissance castle was fully and fancifully
restored after decades of neglect. What we see today may or may not be
authentic (some suggest that modern architects projected their own
"wistful interpretations" of a Gothic castle onto the reconstruction),
but either way, the end result is memorable.
Edinburgh Castle, Germany
One of the best examples of a fully restored medieval fortress, Edinburgh Castle
towers over Scotland's capital city from atop an extinct volcano called
Castle Rock. It was built in the 12th century and has passed hands
between the English and the Scots numerous times over the course of its
bloody history. Today, it's open to the public year-round for tours and
From its origin as an unassuming hunting lodge to its height as the royal court of France under Louis XIV, the Sun King's Chateau de Versailles
is arguably the grandest castle in the world. No visit to Paris is
complete without at least a day trip to see the gardens, canals, and
gilded halls of Versailles.
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This article was originally published by SmarterTravel under the title 10 Best European Castles You Can Visit.
Follow Josh Roberts on Google+ or email her at at [email protected].
Posted September 9, 2013 by SmarterTravel.com
From medieval hilltops to breezy coastlines, European wine towns make
for irresistible vacation spots. Local cuisines help form a food-wine
symbiosis unique to each locale, and surrounding vineyards provide the
perfect backdrop. Whether renowned or under the radar, these gastronomic
playgrounds offer plenty to taste plus enough history and culture for
days of exploration. So head down into the cellar, uncork a prized
vintage or two, and toast to these 10 amazing European wine towns.
Within its ramparts and narrow cobblestone streets, Beaune has one
major priority: the production—and consumption—of wine. Dubbed the wine
capital of Burgundy—itself one of the most famous viticulture regions in
all of France—the small town has been obsessed with the drink since the
Middle Ages, thanks in part to the lavish lifestyles of the Dukes of
Burgundy. Today, it remains the region's center for wine trade and
tourism. As you walk through town, undoubtedly in search of prestigious
Pinot Noir-based vintages, stop at the Wine Museum, the Dukes' former residence, for a quick study in oenology, then enter the cellars at Marche aux Vins for a free tour and tasting. Across the way, the Hotel-Dieu,
a medieval charity-hospital museum that hosts an annual wine auction
every November, offers a sobering look into the lives of the sick and
poor in the 15th century.
Uncork: Biodynamic wines at Joseph Drouhin, best tasted in the winery's historical Duke's cellar, built on top of 4th-century Roman fortifications.
Pair: In the snazzy, red-cloaked dining room at Loiseau des Vignes,
opened in 2007 by Dominique Loiseau (wife of late chef Bernard
Loiseau), choose from among 70 different wines by the glass to accompany
the regional prix-fixe menu.
Of the many wine villages on Germany's Mosel River, Bernkastel-Kues
is one of the most well-known and oldest. Set in the Middle Mosel
region, the town has the ideal terroir for growing prized Riesling grapes. Its steep, slate-covered hillsides are striped with vineyards and lead up to the ruins of Landshut Castle,
a focal point for cruisers floating by in river boats below. In the
town center, take time to admire the medieval market square lined with
half-timbered houses, and stop to photograph the narrow and leaning Spitzhauschen
("Pointed House") that dates back to 1416. Continue on, strolling
through small boutiques and breaking for a leisurely lunch at one of the
many welcoming restaurants. Just be sure to open a bottle of the town's
most legendary wine, Bernkasteler Doctor, which supposedly cured the 14th-century Archbishop of Trier of serious illness.
Uncork: More than 160 regional wines—including Riesling, sparkling Elbling, and fruity Kerner varietals—at the Mosel Wein Museum's Vinothek, housed in the cellars of the historical St. Nicholas Hospital.
Pair: Enjoy regional specialties complemented by a Riesling-focused wine list at Doctor Weinstube, a 17th-century hotel and tavern with an inviting, rustic dining room.
Perched above vineyards and cypress-tree groves in the Italian
province of Siena, Montepulciano is the biggest and highest medieval
hill town in southern Tuscany. Panoramic views of the Val d'Orcia countryside render it a perfect setting for movies like The English Patient and Under the Tuscan Sun,
but it is most famous for its Vino Nobile di Montepulciano, a red wine
made primarily from Sangiovese grapes. The town, lined with Renaissance
palaces and churches, centers on Piazza Grande, where the Bravio delle Botti
barrel race takes place every August. Food lovers will especially enjoy
shopping in the Centro Commercial Naturale, visiting the olive mill, and learning how to make pici pasta with flour from local wheat at the Il Sasso school for language and culture.
Uncork: The celebrated reds at the Consorzio del Vino Nobile di Montepulciano,
the local wine consortium made up of more than 70 producers, and its
Enoteca Wine Shop in the historical Palazzo del Capitano on Piazza
Pair: Sample Pecorino cheese, meat, honey, and olive oil in the town's cantines (wine cellars), which are often linked by underground tunnels. Local favorite Cantine Contucci, in the 13th-century cellars of the Palazzo Contucci, is open for tastings every weekday.
When in Portugal, many wine lovers make a beeline to Porto and the Douro Valley. However, the lesser-known Alentejo
region to the south has plenty to offer as well, especially when it
comes to smaller towns devoted to wine. Though the historical UNESCO World Heritage city of Evora has a regional tasting room and is a natural starting point for the Alentejo wine route, it's nearby Borba that truly lives for wine. From adegas
(wineries) in the heart of town to the annual Festa do Vinho e da Vinha
(Festival of Wine and Vine) in November, visitors to Borba have plenty
of opportunities to sample its robust reds. However, it's also
worthwhile to check out the architectural details throughout town:
Because of several nearby quarries, Borba is dressed in fine marble,
particularly at sites like the Convento das Servas de Cristo and the ornate Fonte das Bicas fountain.
Uncork: Touriga Nacional (considered Portugal's finest grape) along with other regional varietals such as Trincadeira and Aragonez at Adega de Borba, a cooperative that offers different labels from 300 wine-growing associates.
Pair: Dine among giant terra-cotta talhas storing wine while eating local specialties—including ensopado de borrego, a lamb stew, and migas, a traditional dish usually made with breadcrumbs, garlic, and pork—at tasquinhas, or small taverns and restaurants, in town.
On the hills of the Bukk Mountains, nestled in one of Hungary's main
viticulture regions, Eger is a popular wine town regarded for its whites
and especially reds. Architecturally, the town presents a melange of
Turkish, Baroque, and neoclassical styles, evident in well-touristed
sites like the Eger Cathedral and the original Ottoman-period minaret.
You can learn about the history of Eger's castle and its underground
fortification system at the Istvan Dobo Castle Museum, then unwind (releasing any lingering anxiety from the museum's medieval-punishment exhibit) at the recently renovated thermal baths and Turkish spa. After climbing the 97 claustrophobic steps of the needle-shaped minaret, get a sweet fix at the Marzipan Museum
and candy shop across the way. To taste wine, hop on the shuttle from
the central Dobo Square to cellars in Szepasszony-volgy, or "Valley of
the Beautiful Women," just south of town.
Uncork: The legendary Egri Bikaver, or
"Bull's Blood of Eger," Hungary's best-known wine internationally.
Blended with three or more red grapes—primarily Kekfrankos—the cuvee is
matured in oak barrels for at least a year.
Pair: Taste dishes such as goulash soup, roasted pork tenderloin with creamy wild mushrooms, and smoked Hungarian sausage at Kodmon Tavern, an elegant spot that has been serving local cuisine since 1778.
With clay soil ideal for growing grapes, multitudes of wine bodegas,
and an organized vineyard route, Haro has earned the right to be called
the wine capital of Spain's Rioja region. Not only does wine drive
Haro's local economy, but it is also taken quite seriously as a way of
life—so much so that on the feast of San Pedro (June 29), the town hosts
a wine battle,
during which opposing sides launch liters of wine at each other, then
throws an after party in central Plaza de la Paz Square. Oenophiles and
casual visitors alike can delve into the study of viticulture at the Rioja Wine Interpretation Centre,
which serves as a research center and museum, or taste the area's fine
red wines at the many vineyards and cellars open to the public.
Uncork: Wines from area bodegas, such as the generations-old Lopez de Heredia or the more modern Roda, which specializes in Tempranillo-based wines.
Pair: In Haro's Herradura neighborhood, known for tapas bars and restaurants, seek out dishes like pepitos (steak sandwiches) or pincho moruno
(skewered diced pork). For traditional cuisine, mixed vegetable stew,
chorizo, and lamb cutlets with vine shoots go nicely with the local
If the scent of freshly baked macarons wafting through medieval streets isn't enough to lure you into Saint-Emilion, the wine
certainly will. One of the most famed villages on the right bank of
France's Bordeaux region, Saint-Emilion is built as much on Merlot and
Cabernet Franc as it is on ancient limestone. After visiting the many
wine shops in town, take a tour of the 800-year-old Monolithic Church
and go underground to the cave where Breton monk—and hermit—Emilion
once lived. Come back up to admire the eye-catching 173-foot-high bell
tower before following the winding road that leads out to wine-tasting
chateaux and rows of vineyards in a World Heritage landscape that span as far as the eye can see.
Uncork: Wines by innovative—but controversial—garagiste winemakers, such as Chateau Valandraud and the appropriately-named Bad Boy label by Jean-Luc Thunevin.
Pair: Decant a bottle of Grand Cru Classe then toast to seasonal market cuisine either indoors or on the shaded terrace at L'Envers du Decor.
On the southwestern tip of Peljesac, a peninsula on Croatia's
Dalmatian coast, Orebic is a maritime town that attracts tourists
looking to relax on its sandy beaches, dine on the local catch, and
drink wine from the surrounding vineyards. Explore the Maritime
Museum—and its collection of models and paintings of boats—at the foot
of Mount Elijah, and find sea captain's homes (which you can often stay
in) throughout town. The Franciscan monastery's observation towers
afford views of the Adriatic, the old town below, and the fruit trees,
cypresses, and olive groves that dot the landscape. Winemaking on
Peljesac dates back to Roman times, and the Plavac Mali grape, called
"the blood of the soil" in Dalmatia, thrives in the Mediterranean
climate and takes center stage on the peninsula's pebbled hills.
Uncork: Dry, ruby-red wines such as Dingac,
which is deeply rooted in the region's winemaking tradition and became
Croatia's first protected wine, and Postup, the country's second
Pair: In Orebic's taverns and cafes,
seafood reigns supreme. The highlight is the local shellfish, in
particular crab, squid, and octopus, but make room for the region's
handmade cured ham and cheeses, local olive oil, and fresh citrus fruits
famous for its garnet-colored wines made from the Nebbiolo grape, is a
low-lying town tucked into a valley in Italy's hilly Piedmont region.
While the town has produced wine since at least Roman times, we can
thank the last Marchessa of Barolo, French-born Giulia Colbert Falletti
di Maulevrier, for realizing the potential of the noble grape in the
mid-19th century and getting the town on the map. Visit her former home,
the recently renovated Castello Falletti, which houses the WineMuseum (or WiMu) and tasting room, or head next door to the Corkscrew Museum in a former wine cellar. Stay in the neighboring countryside and use your rented villa or farmhouse as a home base for taking walks through the vast vineyards of Barolo and the rest of Piedmont's Langhe wine region.
Uncork: Wine from the 11 communes that produce Barolo at Enoteca Regionale del Barolo, located in the basement of the Falletti castle.
Pair: Choose dishes that can stand up
to—and are often cooked in—the region's wine, such as mushroom risotto,
braised beef, and gamey stews like bollito misto. Find similar items on the menu at Locanda nel Borgo Antico, a modern farmhouse restaurant tucked away in the vineyards.
Pico (Madalena), Portugal
It's one thing to be a wine town, but it's quite another to be a wine island.
On the Azorean isle of Pico, coastal vineyards grow along the sloped
edges of an enormous volcano, with their gnarled grapevines creeping up
basalt stone walls that protect the plots, or currais, from whipping sea winds and saltwater. Get an introduction to this unusual World Heritage vineyard landscape at the wine museum in Lajido, then trail the coastline in search of clay-roofed wine cellars built with black lava rock, old stone ramps (rola-pipas) that barrels would roll down and onto waiting boats, and tracks (rilheiras) carved by ox carts hauling grapes over the rugged landscape. At the cooperative in the main town of Madalena, learn how the basaltic wines are crafted and, of course, taste them too.
Uncork: Regional whites and reds from Frei
Gigante and Terras de Lava, plus aperitif wines and firewater, which
will knock you clear off your axis if you're not careful.
Pair: At Restaurante Ancoradouro in Madalena, start by drizzling corn bread and Pico cheese with honey, then pair a glass of vinho branco with any one of the seafood specialties. Grab a table on the breezy terrace for views of the sea and the nearby island of Faial.
Read the Entire Story: 10 Amazing Wine Towns in Europe
Follow Anne Banas on Google+ or email her at [email protected].
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Posted February 10, 2010 by Jamie Moore
Prost is what Germans say before downing a krug (stein) of beer. If you visit Munich during Oktoberfest, it's a word you'll learn well and repeat often. But there's beer a-plenty at all times of the year, especially in the largest biergarten in town. Afterward, satisfy your munchies with traditional German fast food and then sleep it off at an affordable and funky city-center hotel.
Koniglicher Hirschgarten: Every city in Germany has its own special brew, and Munich's is Augustiner. The best Augustiner in Munich, according to connoisseurs, is served from the 200-liter (52-gallon) wooden barrels at the Hirschgarten, the largest biergarten in Germany. During Oktoberfest (Wiesn to the locals) you may have to fight for one of the 8,000 seats. But that's all part of the fun, as is the local tradition of washing out krugs with a toilet bowl brush. Yes, the krugs of beer are that big, one liter (1/4 gallon) to be precise.
Bergwolf: You can't drink beer without craving fast food, and in Munich that means currywurst from Bergwolf. This traditional Bavarian food is at its best in this late-night cafe. What is it? Simply a spicy German sausage smothered in rich tomato-curry sauce. It's best accompanied by fries and mayonnaise, the European way, and washed down with … another beer, of course.
Arthotel: There's only one thing a belly full of beer, currywurst, and fries needs—a bed. If it can be found in a modern, tastefully decorated room, in a central location, at a reasonable rate, all the better. Arthotel has all of the above and one more thing: It's only a hop, skip, and a jump from the main train station and Oktoberfest festivities. Double rooms start at &eur;79 (about $108, see xe.com for current conversion rates.
You can use our tool to compare airfares to Munich from multiple travel providers.
(Photo: iStockphoto/Tom Gufler)
Posted June 18, 2008 by Zak Patten
What's in a name? In the case of OpenSkies—the new mostly-business-class subsidiary of British Airways—a whole lot. When first announced, the airline's name was inspired by the new deregulating treaty that allows airlines to operate on any routes they choose between the U.S. and E.U. Today, OpenSkies might also be taken as a comment on the lack of competition in the air, particularly since the demise of all-business-class carriers Eos, Maxjet, and Silverjet.
Sure, OpenSkies only has one airplane, a 757 that holds 82 passengers, but the Little Airline That Could has big plans for that one plane. We're talking three classes of service, with the top of the line being Biz, which boasts "truly lie-flat seats." Don't want to sleep that well? No worries. OpenSkies has Prem+, which must denote its premium-economy class, because I doubt it’s a typo (unless OpenSkies is planning on professionally curling its passengers' hair en route). Last but not least (well, actually it is the least, but OpenSkies swears it's not too bad at all), is the economy cabin. There are only 30 seats (genuine leather ones) there, so you should get plenty of attention, assuming there's also a designated flight attendant (kidding!). And everyone, regardless of class, will have access to the 50-plus hours of audio and video programming on their personal entertainment systems, so that's a step up from my favorite in-flight game: staring at the back of the seat in front of me.
So where exactly will OpenSkies fly? Let's just say it doesn't have a massive worldwide route network. In fact, there are just two cities involved, but they're pretty decent ones: Paris and New York. The plan is to scale up by adding new destinations as business results allow for it. Currently on the list of potentials are Amsterdam, Brussels, Frankfurt, and Milan.
In these days of cutbacks and fee increases, any airline looking hopefully toward the future should cheer us all up. No matter what it's called.